At Encinitas Periodontics & Dental Implants we specialize in caring for the health of your gums. The care of your gum tissue is just as important as that of your teeth. Periodontal disease is a serious issue.
Dental Consequences of Periodontal Disease
Like other body parts, our mouth is also prone to infections. These infections can be due to numerous causes. One of the leading reasons for oral diseases is poor oral hygiene, which causes plaque and tartar build-up in the mouth. Among different oral infections, periodontal disease is there as well. It is also caused due to poor oral hygiene. It is an infection with adverse consequences and is treated through surgical and non-surgical methods.
Non-surgical methods comprise scaling and root planing, whereas surgical procedures comprise flap surgery, bone grafting, and guided tissue regeneration. For enhanced healing, tissue-stimulating proteins are also used. If not treated in time, it causes bleeding gums, recession and pocketing of the gums, bone and gum tissue loss, chewing problems, bad breath, and eventually, tooth loss. Encinitas Periodontics & Dental Implants will provide periodontal expertise to help you understand the consequences of periodontal disease.
Inflamed gums can be identified through swelling and redness at the gum line. This inflammation is a consequence of plaque and causes the blood vessels of the tissue to dilate.
These blood vessels feel tender and bleed on contact with any hard object like a toothbrush or a string of dental floss. This is the reason why individuals complain of spitting out blood when they brush their teeth.
This inflammation usually subsides if a proper oral hygiene routine is followed. If the bleeding and inflammation persist, it is recommended to get them examined.
Recession and Pocketing of Gums
The bacteria build-up due to accumulated plaque and tartar can destroy the anchoring structure of the tooth. This structure not only supports the tooth but also keeps the gums tissue in place.
When destroyed, it causes the gums to loosen and for pockets to occur. Loosening causes gum recession as well, which makes the tooth look longer.
Bone Tissue Loss
Gum pockets accumulate tartar and bacteria in them. These bacteria damage the bone tissue underneath and cause the bone to lose its standard structure. The bacteria can also cause gum tissue loss. The lost systems are restored to some extent through regenerative procedures.
Chewing Problems and Bad Breath
Recessive gums and breakdown of the anchoring structure can cause the teeth to loosen as well. Loose teeth can cause problems when chewing food, and after eating, food particles can remain stuck in the spaces among the teeth, causing a dull pain.
The accumulation of plaque and tartar and bacteria build-up in the mouth can result in persistent bad breath because of its volatile sulfur compounds. Bad breath can only subside after an expert does professional cleaning.
Other Health Issues
The bacteria in the mouth can sometimes dispatch into the bloodstream. Periodontal bacteria are hard to fight against and can cause clot formation in different arteries and vessels. These clots can block any artery or vein in the brain or heart, leading to a stroke or cardiovascular disease.
Patients with periodontal disease are also at a high risk of developing diabetes and worsening of already existing diabetes. Periodontal bacteria also affect an expecting mother's unborn child, causing the baby's premature birth and low birth weight.
If you want to learn more, you can contact Encinitas Periodontics & Dental Implants through 760-632-9055 for further questions or to schedule a consultation. We want to help you keep your mouth and gums healthy.